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рядом с K’vakhvreli (Georgia)
Visible for miles around on a cliff overlooking Mtskheta is the Jvari (The Cross) Monastery. Jvari is, to many Georgians, the holiest of holies. Jvari stands where King Mirian erected a sacred wooden cross soon after his conversion by St Nino in the 4th century. Jvari is a beautifully symmetrical little building and a classic of early Georgian tetra-conch design. The interior is rather bare, but the site provides spectacular views over Mtskheta.
Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is one of the most sacred places in Georgia and, along with Jvari Monastery, the highlight of a trip to Mtskheta. It was founded in 1010, built on the site of Georgia's first church. Christ’s robe is believed to lie in the nave beneath a square tower-like pillar that is decorated with colorful if faded frescoes.
Uplistsikhe (Georgian: უფლისციხე; literally, "the lord's fortress") is an ancient rock-hewn town in eastern Georgia, some 10 kilometers east of the town of Gori, which happens to be Stalin's birthplace. Built on a high rocky left bank of the Mtkvari River, Uplistsikhe contains various structures dating from the Early Iron Age to the Late Middle Ages, and is notable for the unique combination of various styles of rock-cut cultures from Anatolia and Iran, as well as the co-existence of pagan and Christian architecture. It's on the UNESCO list.
Uplistsikhe is identified by archaeologists as one of the oldest urban settlements in Georgia. The fortress is mentioned in chronicles from earliest times. Strategically located in the heartland of ancient kingdom of Kartli (or Iberia as it was known), it emerged as a major political and religious center of Georgia.
The majority of the Uplistsikhe caves are devoid of any decorations. The natural rock made it possible to create complex decorative compositions. Excavations have brought up artifacts of different epochs: beautiful golden, silver and bronze jewelry, magnificent samples of ceramics and sculptures, which can be admired in a small attached museum. On your way back down, don’t miss the long tunnel running down to the Mtkvari, an emergency escape route that could also have been used for carrying water up to the city.
Unfortunately we found ourselves in pouring rain, with little chance for a change in weather. Still, Uplistsikhe leaves an impression!